It is now recognised on national and international level (f.e. UNESCO, IUCN, SNASPE) that tourism, whether ordinary, “nature”, “eco” or “scientific”,

constitutes a major threat to nature and natural ecosystems


One of the main objectives of the project is to protect damaged nature from commercial use,

including uncontrolled development of local tourism, and other anthropogenic pressures and

thus help it regenerate itself


June 2018

This ecosystem restoration project is not related to any tourism association, activity or accommodation.

No tourist operations of whatever kind are allowed in the PPA Pichimahuida (PPAP).

The land was bought to protect it because it was severely degraded and deserved a better life.

Peace and privacy of nature are essential for the success of the project.   


Straight access in direction of lake Leones area (Laguna San Rafael national park) and back (Ruta 7) through the properties of the PPAP is tolerated only:


  1. I.The Setting:


  1. The sign post at the turn from the Carretera Austral into the valley is misleading: it indicates the Northern Patagonian Ice field at 30 km, while the ice field is not accessible via valley Leones (see map at the bottom of this page);

  2. The lake Leones is located at about 27 km. from the Carretera Austral (Ruta 7) by walking trail, road X-732 ends at 16 km;

  3. The road X-732 in the valley is a private road with the exception of the first 200 m, the trail to the lake Leones area (Laguna San Rafael National park) goes through private properties.


Tourism is responsible for 8% of greenhouse gas emissions   .pdf


  1. II.To reduce human impact - the Rules in the properties of the PPAP (applies only to the PPAP) :


The rules apply equally to individual visitors and tourist guides passing by the properties of the PPAP

from their start till the end of it (see map below)


  1. Only direct access in the direction of lake Leones to the next property and return;

  2. You are passing through private properties and courtyards, using private road (X-732) and  trail;

  3. All private property laws and penalties apply;

  4. The properties of the project are not open to any type of public access;


  1. Do not leave the road and the marked trail;

  2. Do not trespass into the properties, do not camp, do not make fire, do not leave any type of garbage -

        do not put yourself in an illegal situation;

  1. Leave gates as you find them;

  2. Do not bring dogs or cattle;

  3. Respect the few remaining wild animals, do not harass or feed them, most of them are protected by law;

  4. The application of the rules is constantly monitored.

Nature- and eco-tourism, including photography, is a major factor of

deaths of wild animals by exhaustion and starvation.


Privacy: You are requested not to share the photos of the project on internet and social networks. In response the managers will not share the photos of your passage. Privacy of nature and absence of publicity are essential for the success of this nature restoration project.

Pour vivre heureux vivons cachés, French proverb (To live happy, live hidden)


III. The conditions of access through the PPAP (see photos):


  1. The road is a dirt, not maintained path in bad condition;

  2. Accessible only for 4x4 cars;

  3. Subject to frequent flooding and occasional landslides;

  4. Car and motobike access ends in 6,5 km from the entrance into the PPAP;

  5. Follows difficult trail of 9 km, not marked after you leave the PPAP (last yellow sign);

  6. River crossings are not safe;

  7. Use at your own risk, no liability of the owners or managers for any accident,

       injury or damage.


  1. The road in the valley was repaired and at places built for the project,

     using only personal funds, total cost for the road X-732 has been

     approx. 75 000 US$, it enabled day trips to the lake;

  1. The sign posting within the PPAP was entirely done by the managers using

     only personal funds;

  1. Passage through the property is provided free of charge;

  

Entrance fees into the national park would normally

apply for the lake Leones sector in the park

  1. The road is used as a fire control and escape road;

  2. In order to keep it in reasonable shape you are requested to minimise the damage.


Scientific tourism in the form of scientific research expeditions and biodiversity

assessments generally present risks for the ecosystem they study.

IV. The Dangers:


  1. The area is very remote and isolated;

  2. Fatal accidents in lake and river Leones:  in January 2016, in November 2016 and by Andrés who lived before in the valley;

  3. Mobile phone coverage in the valley drops often, no other means of communication;

  4. High wildfire risk in the valley in summer;

  5. A lot of mosquitoes (aggravated allergies occurred), horseflies are ferocious in summer;

  6. No medical or other help accessible in case of accident.


Tourism is the second, after climate change, cause of glaciers melting.


Local tour operators for safe straight journey through the PPAP :

  1. - Terra Luna, www.terraluna.cl  - also has information on the restoration project and can contact the manager for more;

  2. - El Puesto, www.elpuesto.cl - certified sustainable, you can also visit the Exploradores glacier safely with them.


If you use another tour operator or accommodation, you may wish to check if it has been verified by Sernatur: serviciosturisticos.sernatur.cl , or is registered in the National Registry of Providers of Ecotourism Services  (you are going to a national park). You may also check Conaf rules for national parks and protected areas.


The project has no relevance whatsoever to the operations, services or accommodation at the entrance

into the valley (2↓)  or the information they provide.



















 
degraded ecosystem Aysen

Prevention of damage to the ecosystem by tourism


  1. 2.Turn from the main road;

  2. 3.Start of PPAP properties;

  3. 4.End of road and start of walking trail of 9,2 km;

  4. 5.End of PPAP properties.

You will see this landscape, representative of the situation in the whole region and reason for the project:

critically degraded nature (photos) and a novel ecosystem :

A citation: “Tourism is unsustainable, effects can be mitigated, but not always. CO2 offsets are just hiding the damage”. Chris Thomson, Head of Responsible Tourism, Federation of Tour Operators.

A fact: Stress from ecotourism in animal is proven (f.e. in “Biological conservation”, in Africa, etc.)

You might imagine this landscape with 2 m of additional soil cover on the hills, ancient native forest

and unknown wildlife, less than 100 years ago