perros terranovas en Patagonia

          

                                        “RESTORATION” : the act or process of returning something to its original condition by

                                         repairing it, cleaning it, etc.; the act of bringing back something that existed before ; t

                                      the act of returning something that was stolen or taken.

                                        ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION englobes all of those.


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“ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION is an intentional activity that initiates or accelerates the recovery of an ecosystem with respect to its health, integrity and sustainability. Restoration attempts to return an ecosystem to its historic trajectory. Restoration represents an indefinitely long-term commitment of land and resources, and a proposal to restore an ecosystem requires thoughtful deliberation.” - Society for Ecological Restoration (SER).


The objective of restoration in the present case is to restore the potential, to use the chance provided by the critical condition of the ecosystem to help it to restore and restart itself, return life taken, give the land and what lives on it (the ecosystem) an opportunity to repair and re-establish its self-regulating and auto-recovery capacities by, at first :


  1.   change of the use of land from exploitation to self-development;

  2.   protect vulnerable areas e.g. wetlands and slopes, initially by removing all livestock and horses;

•   stabilize, and then restore, eroded areas;

•   reestablish native trees, bushes and ground covers;

•   control the spread of, and eliminate where practical, invasive species e.g. rosehip;

•   allow natural restoration, e.g. on the valley floor, areas where there is good tree cover;

•   manage the pines as a resource;

•   manage pasture areas for horses:

•   remove artificial barriers (i.e. fences);

•   control and limit harmful external impact.


And otherwise take our responsibilities for destruction by helping the area to increase the mass of species-specific life within it. Auto-restoration of the ecosystem is privileged, some help is needed to join the historic natural path the land could have taken without anthropogenic interference, at an optimum level and speed.


QUESTIONS for restoration :


  1. What could be the main basis for a resilient, durable and non-anthropocentric life here ?

  2. Can it be traced to quantum level ?

  3. How can we ensure it replicates on a fractal-type basis?

...

                                                                                     

Restoration

The objective of the protection is to give the land and its ecosystem the opportunity to recover from anthropogenic disturbances, re-establish its natural ecological functions and regain its original development path.

    Areas previously subjected to anthropogenic disturbances are now either left for natural recovery or included in an ecological restoration programme. Intact areas and areas of natural regrowth are included in a protection programme and used as reference ecosystems. 


    The first step was to remove cattle, sheep and horses.  There are still a few cows (but these will be phased out as areas of pasture are planted with native trees and bushes) and some horses that are necessary for accessing most of the property.


    Protection of the most vulnerable areas e.g. wetlands and slopes, was the next step. Wetlands and eroding slopes were fenced to prevent animals entering those areas.  Then, in cooperation with Conaf (National Forest Corporation of Chile) and the support of a Patagonian forestry engineer, Luis Moraga, a four year program of planting native trees was started in actively eroding areas. To date, more than 70,000 native trees, of species that are found in the area, have been planted, building on and extending existing vegetation cover.


    Managing invasive plant species is a constant challenge.  The major problem is Rosa Mosqueta (Rosa rubiginosa). Another

exotic species is pines.  About 250 ha of Pinus ponderosa and Pinus contorta were planted by previous owners.  Although these are clearly exotic, and Pinus contorta seeds profusely, the plantation is managed as a resource for the future.  In the meantime, the pines have proven successful in protecting the sandy soil in the valley floor from the strong winds of the region, and native bushes and trees are establishing in those protected areas.

Ownership of land is a responsibility for the land you are trusted with

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(to be build)

Restoration:


  1. Principles

  2. Reforestation

  3. Natural

  4. Other

  5. Monitoring